Rats

Rats have been a problem to man since before the beginning of recorded history.  They are the filthiest pests, polluting food, contact surfaces, utensils in homes, restaurants, supermarkets and food plants. a rat-infested food plant or  warehouse can place your investment in jeopardy.  Rat trappings, hairs or fragments in food stuffs can result in severe penalties.  The damage they inflict is tremendous, including fires.  Rats carry many diseases, including plague, typhus fever, rat bite fever,  rabies and salmonellas.  Rats carry millions of bacteria on their feet and body fur.  They will react vicious when attacked. They have been known to attack sleeping babies, children, even adults.  A full-grown rat will measure 16 inches to 18 inches and weigh as much as a pound.  Their teeth can grow up to five inches per year.  To counter this growth, they gnaw almost continuously.  Rats live their lives mainly at ground-level.  

Mice

Mice are found throughout the United States.  They look similar to young rats.  They have large ears.  They are usually dark gray on the back, but they can be brownish if exposed to outdoor light.  Mice are nibblers.  They make slight damage in several places rather than a great deal in one place.  A disagreeable odor is often present in buildings with heavy infestations.  Fresh droppings are a definite sign of mice.  Mice have keen senses although they cannot see too well.  They are good climbers and jumpers.  They can even swim.  They transmit several diseases to man.    

American cockroach

The American Cockroach, commonly called the water bug, is the largest of the roaches that enters the home, growing about one a half inches in length as an adult.  It will generally be found in basement areas of homes, usually between floor joists and braces since American cockroaches like heat.  The female can be recognized by her broader abdomen.  The wings of the male extend from four to eight millimeters over the end of the abdomen.  They have six legs.  They range in color to reddish-brown to brownish with light markings on top just behind the head.  This nocturnal insect is agoraphobic, fearing open spaces.  It is for this reason that it rapidly runs for shelter when it is disturbed.  The odor is quite offensive and cockroaches can produce allergic reactions in humans.  

Oriental roach

Oriental Roach, of all insects, this roach is the most despised by the public since it often travels and lives in sewer pipes and other filth.  Dampness is often the key element in their habitat, along with very little light.  Great masses will live together on top of each other and will travel en masse if disturbed.  They will be found in crawl spaces, under and around sinks, under the motors of freezers and coolers and around the soil around buildings. Dry weather may force them into buildings to find necessary humidity.  Masses will move into heated structures during cold weather, usually seeking the dampest, warmest, darkest part of the structure.  Summer months are peak times for oriental roach populations.   

German cockroach

The German cockroach eats almost anything and finds books and their bindings a most appealing food. It is also fond of starchy food like cereal, sugary substances and meat products.  It can grow about an inch in length.  The male is light brown and somewhat boat-shaped, while the female is darker, broader and rounded.  Both have two dark streaks on the thorax.  As with all roaches, they do not like light.  The German cockroach is one of only five of 55 members in its family in North America to be classified as pests by the Department of Agriculture.   

Brown banded cockroach

 

The Brown-Banded Cockroach has been in the United States since 1903.  It is of African origin.  It is well known throughout many n northern states. It is also known as the spotted roach or the tropical roach.  Of the four species that are widespread throughout the world, the brown-banded is considered a small roach, reaching the length of half an inch.  The favorite for brown-banded roaches is in an up location, behind mirrors, pictures, drapes and hot spots, inside television sets,  radios, even wall clocks. It is not necessarily a basement roach. It may vary in color from black to light gold.  Two yellow bands are found on the wings of an adult, one where the wing joins the body and other about a fraction, 1/16 of an inch further back toward the wing tips.  

Subterranean termite 

Subterranean Termites are the most destructive pests of wood.  They have spread to every State except Alaska. They are more common in temperate areas of the country.  The annual cost of termite damage and their control exceeds 6 million dollars a year.  Rising costs are expected because of construction increase and more houses built on open land and. poorly-designed slab-on-ground construction. Favorite termite attacks are common throughout the eastern part of the United States and other parts of  the world. Subterranean termites have probably existed in their current distribution for millions of years.  Infestations have become more common with central heating, heated basement and prolonged termite activity..  

Swarmer termite

Swarmer Termites are the primary reproductive that are often seen by householders.  These four-winged flying termites or their lose wings, are usually the first warning that the property owner has these termites present. The winged adults are much darker than the workers or the soldiers in the termite colony.  All four wings on the termite are the same length and extend more than the length of the body.  The swarming termite has a straight cigar-like body unlike the restricted waistline of the flying ant.  Their flight distance is very short.  Property owners who ignore nature's warning of termites, leave themselves open to considerable property damage.   

Carpenter ant

Carpenter Ant colonies are always associated with damp, wet wood of some type.  Infestation may occur in fireplace logs, hollow wood porch supports or other wood members. Carpenter ants are very difficult to locate since their entry point  may be quite a distance from the place where the galleries and nesting areas in the wood are located.  Houses in wooded areas or damp, humid locations are most likely to become infested, although at times, infested dwellings can be found in high-populated city areas.  Structural damage may be extensive enough to require major repairs.   

Black winged carpenter ant

Black Swarming Carpenter Ants are usually seen in small numbers, that is less than a hundred.  Usually they appear in the cooler part of a hot, humid day.  They are attracted to light and are usually found swarming around electric light bulbs or other light sources.  The winged female is usually larger than the winged male.  Placing a little pan of water, such as a pie pan under a light source will attract the ants that are attracted to that light source.  Their presence is an indication that a colony has been established in a nearby area.    

Silverfish

Silverfish, this is a slender, wingless insect that can range from 1/3 to 1/2 inch long.  This shiny silver or pearl gray pest usually hides during the day and is very active at night.  The silverfish lives and develops in damp, warm places, especially basements and will crawl along pipelines and through openings in the walls or floors.  The Silverfish is fond of food and other materials high in protein, sugar and starch, these include cereals, flour, glued paper, paste or sizing such as wallpaper and book bindings. If these substances are not available, they can live without food for several months.  They are found throughout North America, especially in the South.  They can also be found in bathrooms, behind baseboards, as well as in book cases and closets.  The Silverfish has been known as the " Slicker "  possibly because of its ability to get out of sight so quickly.    

Bumblebees

Bumblebees are social insects which generally nest underground.  They are a problem when they establish their nests close to buildings or highly-populated areas.  They inhabit chiefly the colder regions of the north temperate zone, but can be found almost anywhere.  Bumblebees obtain their food almost exclusively from flowers.  They are very important for plant pollination.  The Bumblebee's sting is very painful and more venomous than honey bees or wasps.  

 

Mosquito

 

The common Mosquito is found through the United States and Canada.  They can be found outside the house where water is found, breeding in tin cans, water barrels, sewer ditches, flat roofs and cesspools.  Because of the mosquito's ability to grow and prosper in populated areas, its role as a transmitter of encephalitis makes it  a top concern. The male mosquito doesn't bite.  Penetration is achieved by the use of two needle-like structures which work alternately up and down to force the feeding tubes deep into the skin.  Irritation at the bite sight is caused by the saliva left in the skin bite.  Recently, the West Nile Virus has become a concern in the Tri-State area.   

            Larva
Mosquito Larva  is found through the United States and Canada.  They can be found outside the house where water is found, breeding in tin cans, water barrels, sewes and cesspools.  Because of the mosquito's ability to grow and prosper in populated areas, its role as a transmitter of disease makes it  a top concern. The male mosquito doesn't bite.  Penetration is achieved by the use of two needle-like structures which work alternately up and down to force the feeding tubes deep into the skin.  Irritation at the bite sight is caused by the saliva left in the skin bite.  Recently, the West Nile Virus has become a concern in the Tri-State area.   
 

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